On the occasion of the final response exercise for Jewish Nightlife this Fall Semester, all students are asked to reflect on and practice FIELD WORK, by completing the following:
- Work in chavruta (pairs) by re-composing the same pairs of students already created on the occasion of our Mid-term exam
- Access this document via bDrive (you already know the drill…) at this shortened URL: http://bit.ly/JNLResponse4
- Formulate the three extremely focused questions:
- Jewish music and art: one question for Yair Harel (investigate his personal/artistic background, his knowledge and skills)
- Jewish music and research: one question for Francesco Spagnolo (investigate his personal/academic background, his knowledge and skills)
- Fieldwork of the Self: one question addressing your personal relationship with the specific piyyut that is assigned to your chavruta on the basis of the following parameters
- text of piyyut
- music of piyyut
- culture of origin of piyyut
- own culture(s) of chavruta partners
- Post your three questions (preceded by the names of each chavruta partners) on this document no later than Tuesday, December 2nd, at Noon
Select questions will be discussed and answered by the instructors on the last day of class, on Wednesday, December 3rd.
As we have discussed in class, both during lectures and during the music section, piyyutim (Hebrew liturgical poems) have many dimensions.
Moreover, each piyyut has a distinctive biography, which at the very list includes:
- a literary history and a publication history
- an intellectual agenda (involving the interpretation of the Bible, theology, and more)
- a political dimension (how its performance may bring certain segments of a community together, or not)
- a spiritual dimension (how its text and performance concur to create a defined link among those who perform it)
- a musical dimension (how the many musical settings of each piyyut may reflect all of the above)
For today’s assignment, select one piyyut from the ones we have explored in class (also listed below), and write three short paragraphs (max 1 page) describing the following:
- Biography and character of the piyyut in as many dimensions possible
- How you believe these dimensions come together to create a spiritual impact on those who perform it and on those who participate in its ritual performance
- How you would describe the “essence” of the piyyut you choose? (I.e., what is the specific piyyut, text, music, and all, really about?)
As usual, create a document on bDrive and share it with your instructors (spagnoloacht[at]berkeley and yairharel[at]berkeley). Please, include your name in the title of the document. If you do not have a way to post this during class time, do so by midnight tonight.
For your convenience, here is a list of the incipits of the piyyutim that have been performed by the class during the music sections thus far:
- Kol beruei
- Shema’ qoli
- Adon ‘olam
- Ben adam
- Rachamana de’anei
- El eliyahu
- Amar adonai leya’aqov
- Qarev yom
- Simu lev ‘al haneshamah
The guidelines for the upcoming Midterm Examination (Week 9) will be discussed in class next Wednesday, October 22nd. As it is often the case in this class, this examination will also provide us with a chance to explore collaborative processes, and to test out how the #digitalhumanities may serve our learning goals.
In this case, we are going to explore a consolidated format of Jewish collaborative learning practice, the chavruta.
Derived from the Aramaic for “friendship,” this term (which on Wikipedia you can find under the Ashkenazi pronunciation of the word, chavrusa) indicates the teams of two students learning together inside a Talmudic Academy, or yeshivah (link is to the EJ, with UCB-only access). Each partner in a chavruta is supposed to challenge the other’s views, thus expanding knowledge in an eminently collaborative form.
Who will be your chavruta? (Note, you cannot “choose” your partner beforehand: selection criteria will be announced on the day of the examination…).
As the Ethics of the Fathers (pirqe avot) remind us:
Yehoshua ben Perachia says: Make for yourself a teacher [“rav”], acquire for yourself a friend, and judge every person as meritorious.
Or, as the Babylonian Talmud puts it (at least in the translation linked here):
How may one explain the verse, “A sword is upon the boasters and they shall become fools” (Jeremiah 50:36)? A sword is upon scholars who sit alone to study the Torah. And not only this, but they also become stupid, as it is written here, “and they shall become fools”….
Complete the two-part assignment below, and post your responses to this document within 30 minutes from the beginning of the exercise, listing your name and student Number.
Select a term from one (any one!) of this week’s assigned readings that was unfamiliar to you, and briefly describe its meaning and what sources you used to clarify it. If all terms in the readings were already fully familiar to you, chose the one you felt was the least so 😉
- Comparative Approach/Use of Class Resources (+ a treasure hunt)
Cultures of the Jews (assigned reading this week) mentions a depiction of three ritual duties pertaining to women (baking challah bread for the Sabbath; observing ritual purity; and lighting the Sabbath candles).
- Find the exact mention in Culture of the Jews
- Go on a “treasure hunt,” and locate a similar item in “Gourmet Ghettos” (which we “visited” on Monday)
- Briefly describe each of these two items (the one in the reading and the other in the exhibition) by highlighting the following elements:
- Place of origin (embrace the complexity of the Jewish diaspora in describing geography)
- Historical period (here, too, be critical of possible assessments)
- List which ones among this week’s assigned readings can best help shedding light on each of the two items discussed in this assignment (the one in Cultures of the Jews, and the one in Gourmet Ghettos), and provide a full bibliographic citation for each reading (i.e., Author, Title, year: page number/s; bibliographic format is your own choice). Hint: you may need to refer to both EJ entries, and to Idelsohn…
Once you are ready, post this assignment to http://bit.ly/JNLResponse1 (just below this text). Remember to add your name to the completed assignment!
Personal computers or other devices may be used to complete today’s assignment. If you are without a portable device, you may pair with another student in the class. In this case, list both your names under the completed post.